UnexpectedError

When assertions fail in Unexpected they yield an UnexpectedError. This instance has several convenience methods for retrieving information about the error.

UnexpectedError.getErrorMessage(options)

Returns the error message as a magicpen instance. The method uses the assertion error modes to produce the correct error message.

Notice that you must either provide an output or a format in the given options. The format can be on of text, ansi or html. As a shortcut you can also just pass the output or format directly.

An alternative to calling getErrorMessage(output) with an output, you can append the error message to an output the following way:

output.appendErrorMessage(error);

This is useful if you want to combine multiple errors in one assertion:

expect.addAssertion("<array> to have item satisfying <any+>", function (expect, subject) {
  var args = Array.prototype.slice.call(arguments, 2);
  var promises = subject.map(function (item) {
    return expect.promise(function () {
      return expect.apply(expect, [item].concat(args));
    });
  });
 
  return expect.promise.settle(promises).then(function () {
    var failed = promises.every(function (promise) {
      return promise.isRejected();
    });
 
    if (failed) {
      expect.fail({
        diff: function (output, diff, inspect, equal) {
          output.inline = true;
          promises.forEach(function (promise, index) {
            if (index > 0) { output.nl(2); }
            var error = promise.reason();
            // the error is connected to the current scope
            // but we are just interested in the nested error
            error.errorMode = 'bubble';
            output.append(error.getErrorMessage(output));
          });
          return output;
        }
      });
    }
  });
});

When the assertion fails we get the following output:

expect(['foo', 'bar'], 'to have item satisfying', 'to equal', 'bar');
expect(['foo', 'bar'], 'to have item satisfying', 'to equal', 'bAr');
expected [ 'foo''bar' ] to have item satisfying 'to equal''bAr'
 
expected 'foo' to equal 'bAr'
 
foo
bAr
 
expected 'bar' to equal 'bAr'
 
bar
bAr

UnexpectedError.parent

When assertions delegate to nested expect calls the errors that are thrown at each level are chained together through the parent property. The error message is serialized lazily, so it is possible to change the error hierarchy before the error is serialized, or extract information from the hierarchy and use expect.fail to throw a new error.

We could for example change the error mode for all the errors in the chain to nested:

expect.addAssertion('<any> detailed to be <any>', function (expect, subject, value) {
  expect.errorMode = 'bubble';
  expect.withError(function () {
    expect(subject, 'to be', value);
  }, function (err) {
    err.getParents().forEach(function (e) {
      e.errorMode = 'nested';
    });
    expect.fail(err);
  });
});
 
expect('f00!', 'detailed to be', 'foo!');
expected 'f00!' to be 'foo!'
  
expected 'f00!' to equal 'foo!'
  
Explicit failure
 
f00!
foo!

UnexpectedError.getParents()

Return an array with all the ancestor errors to this error. See parent for more information.

UnexpectedError.getAllErrors()

Return an array with this error and all its ancestors. See parent for more information.

UnexpectedError.getDiff()

Find the first error in the hierarchy that contains a diff and return it. This method if useful if you want to hoist a diff from an ancestor error and combine it with a new message.

Notice that you must either provide an output or a format in the given options. The format can be on of text, ansi or html. As a shortcut you can also just pass the output or format directly.

UnexpectedError.getDiffMethod()

In case you need to wrap diff with additional information you can retrieve a method that will build a diff for you. It will find the first ancestor error that contains a diff and return the method to create the diff. Now you can delegate to that method from expect.fail:

expect.addAssertion('<any> to be completely custom', function (expect, subject) {
  return expect.withError(function () {
    expect(subject, 'to satisfy', { custom: true });
  }, function (err) {
    var createDiff = err.getDiffMethod();
    expect.fail({
      diff: function (output, diff, inspect, equal) {
        output.text('~~~~~~~~~~~~~~').sp().success('custom').sp().text('~~~~~~~~~~~~~~').nl();
        return createDiff(output, diff, inspect, equal);
      }
    });
  });
});
 
expect({ custom: false }, 'to be completely custom');
expected { customfalse } to be completely custom
 
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ custom ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
{
  
customfalse 
//
 
should equal 
true
}

UnexpectedError.getLabel()

Get a shortened representation of the error message that doesn't repeat the subject, for example should equal 'bar' rather than expected 'foo' to equal 'bar'. This makes it suitable for display next to an existing rendering of the subject, such as inside a diff.

UnexpectedError.isUnexpected

This property is true for all unexpected errors.